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Shpola

Posted by on 5-14-18

Torgovitsa

Posted by on 4-24-18

Luginy

Posted by on 4-21-18

Slovechno

Posted by on 4-11-18

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Shpola

Posted by on May 14, 2018 in Cherkasy region, Shtetls | 0 comments

Shpola – Шпола (Ukrainian), Shpole, שפּאָלע (Yiddish) Shpola is a town in Cherkassy region, a center of Shpola district, a geographical center of Ukraine. 18,112 lived in the town in 2011. Before the Revolution, Shpola was a town of Zvenigorod Uezd of Kiev gubernia. I could find very little information about the history of Shpola Jewish community before 1917 🙁 The heyday of the Jewish shtetl and its emergence as a Hasidic center in the 18th century were connected with the tzadik Shpoler Zeide (“the grandfather from Shpola”). Rabbi Yehudah Aryeh Leib ben Boruch (Saba from Shpola), also known as (1725, Uman – 1812, Shpola) – (‘grandfather’-a nickname given to him by the Baal Shem Tov at his circumcision), is famed as a miracle worker and devoted to the succour of poor Jews in distress. In his early years, he was a disciple of Rabbi Pinchas of Koretz, a leading figure in the first generation of Chassidim. The Shpoler Zeide was a key opponent of Rabbi Nahman of Bratzlav. The sons of Rabbi Arieh Leib did not become Chassidic leaders. They settled in Shpola, and three of them were buried beside their father. At the request of the Shpoler Zeide, there is no tombstone at his grave, but a big box with the date...

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Torgovitsa

Posted by on Apr 24, 2018 in Kirovohrad region, Shtetls | 0 comments

Torgovitsa is a village of Novoarkhangelsk district, Kirovograd region. Before the Revolution it was a shtetl of Uman uyezd, Kiev province. I could find very little information about Jews from Torgovitsa 🙁 We visited Torgovitsa in 2017 and made few photos of Holocaust mass grave and remains of Jewish cemetery. According to 1897 census, 1299 Jews lived there (35% of total population). Before the revolution Jews lived mainly in Novaya street which was up to the Market square. There were no pre-revolutionary buildings in the village. Volko Solomonovich Golberg was a teacher in the village before the war. He had daughter Betia and son Yosef. Shmil (unknown surname) was a worker in the collective farm. All Jews of Torgovitsa were exterminated during the Holocaust… Incription on the fence Monument on the grave When the Jews were driven to the execution, Katerina Aksentyevna Puchkova (1898 – 1976) saved Jew Yakov Gorbatov. All his family was shot. He survived and lived in Kiev after the war. After the war, relatives of the Jews who had been murdered erected a monument on the place of the shooting. After the occupation, all the Jews of Torgovitsa were gathered together and shot outside the village. In 2017, a woman who remembered how a column of Jews was driven to be shot...

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Luginy

Posted by on Apr 21, 2018 in Shtetls, Zhytomyr region | 0 comments

Luhin (Yiddish), Лугины – Luginy (Russian) Luginy, an urban-type settlement (since 1967)is a district center in the Zhytomyr region. In the XVII-XVIII centuries it was governed by the Kiev voivodeship as part of the Commonwealth, and since 1793 by the the Russian Empire. In the XIX – early XX centuries it was in the township of Luginy Ovruch uyezd, Volyn Gubernia. Jewish population of Luginy: 1847 – 1154 Jews 1897 – 1599 (64%) 1923 – 1709 Jews 1939 – 857 (37%)...

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Slovechno

Posted by on Apr 11, 2018 in Shtetls, Zhytomyr region | 0 comments

Словечне – Slovechne (Ukrainian), Словечно – Slovechno (Russian) Slovechno is a village in Ovruch district, Zhitomir region. The population is 1,725 people (in 2001). In the early XX century, Slovechno was a shtetl of Ovruch uyezd, Volin gubernia. The village was a district center of the Zhitomir region from 1923 till 1962. Part of the information for this article was provided by local historian Oleksiy Gorbachevskiy. Much more of information about Jews of Slovechno can be found in the...

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Olevsk

Posted by on Apr 8, 2018 in Shtetls, Zhytomyr region | 2 comments

Olevsk is a city in Zhytomyr region. It is the administrative center of Olevsk district. In 2001, population was 10,896. In the XVI – XVIII centuries it was a part of the Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth. Olevsk has been incorporated into the Russian Empire since 1793. In the XIX – early XX century it was a shtetl of Ovruch uyezd, Volyn gubernia. Olevsk has been known since 1488. In 1641, it received the Magdeburg right. Much more information about Holocaust and...

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Shtetls of Kherson gubernia

Posted by on Mar 27, 2018 in news | 3 comments

  All places with significant Jewish population in former Kherson gubernia on one map according to 1897 census. On the eve of World War I, more than 340 000 Jews lived in this area.     Kherson 17492 Jews according to 1897 census (30% of total population) Берислав – Berislav (Russian) 2641 Jews according to 1897 census (22% of total population) Nikolaev 19555 Jews according to 1897 census (21% of total population) Александрия – Alexandriia (Russian) 3735 Jews according...

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Norinsk

Posted by on Jan 6, 2018 in Shtetls, Zhytomyr region | 0 comments

Norinsk is a village in the Ovruch district, Zhitomir region (Ukraine), first recorded in 1545. In the XVI-XVIII centuries, it was a shtetl in the Ovruch district of the Volyn voivodship in the Commonwealth of Lithuania. In 1793, it became part of the Russian Empire and until early XX century, it remained a shtetl of Ovruch uezd in the Volyn gubernia. According to the 2001 census, its population is 1,360 people. Some information in this article was provided by...

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