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Chudnov

Posted by on 9-24-22

Nosovka

Posted by on 8-28-22

Raygorodok

Posted by on 7-30-22

Voznesensk

Posted by on 9-12-20

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Chudnov

Posted by on Sep 24, 2022 in Shtetls, Zhytomyr region | 0 comments

Chudnov is a city in the Zhytomyr region, located on the river Teterev. Before the Revolution of 1917, it was a shtetl of the Zhytomyr district of the Volyn province. Until the 20th century, there were 2 separate settlements – Novy (New) and Stary (Old) Chudnov, separated by the Teterev river. It was in Stary Chudnov that the majority of the Jewish population lived. Two settlements were merged into one in the 20th century. I visited Chudnov during an expedition in the summer of 2020. Places connected with Jewish history were shown to me by the local historian Yuri Gaidash. Author of this article and Yuri Gaidash Me (right) and my friend Sergo aka Kote during our visit to Chudnov in 2020 Article was translated by Daniel Pesin. I managed to find very little information about the history of the Jews of Chudnov in the 19th and early 20th centuries. The first reference to Jews living Chudnov dates to 1648, when they escaped from the town during the Chmelnitskiy uprising. In 1756 Chudnov residents attacked Jews who sought refuge in the town from the Haidamaks. In 1897 its 4,491 local comprised 80 percent of the total population of Chudnov. On May 1, 1903 200 local Jews participated in a strike organized by the Bund....

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Nosovka

Posted by on Aug 28, 2022 in Chernigov region, Shtetls | 0 comments

Nosovka, a city (since 1960), is a district centre in the Chernihiv region of Ukraine. The population is 13,310 people, according to the 2020 census. The city stands on the Nosovochka River, which is a tributary of the Ostra. In the 19th and early 20th centuries, there was a town of Nezhinsky district of the Chernihiv province. I could only find very little information about the Jews of Nosovka. Article was translated by Daniel Pesin. 542 Jews lived in Nosovka in 1910; in 1920 Jews made up 1.2% of the town’s population, in 1939, 116 Jews lived in Nosovka. In 1864, a synagogue was operating. In 1886 a Jew owned a pharmacy in Nosovka. In the 19th century the rabbi of Nosovka was Yitzchok Teleshevsky; from 1887 it was Chaim Sheyniuk (1863-?); from 1908 it was Shmuel Goldshmid (1881-?). It is quite obvious that there was a Jewish cemetery in the shtetl. But I could not find where it was located and when it was destroyed. In October 1905 there was a pogrom in Nosovka. Among the few documents and memoirs about the Jews of Nosovka, I managed to establish the following surnames of the Jews who lived in Nosovka in the 20th century: Lefand, Schneerson, Rabinovich, Men’, Stomberg, Aronov, Freydinov, Pritikin, Nimkovsky, Rodnyansky,...

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Raygorodok

Posted by on Jul 30, 2022 in Shtetls, Zhytomyr region | 0 comments

Raygorodok is a viallge in Berdichev district, Zhernigov region. In 19th -20th century, it was a shtetl of Berdichev uezd, Kiev gubernia. Raygorodok, Zhitomir region, should not be confused with the village of Raygorod in Vinnitsa region. Both the settlements were shtetls with big Jewish communities. Note: I have found almost no information on the Raigorod Jewish community. According to the 1897 census, 2058 residents lived in Raygorodok where 946 Jews constited 45% of the total population. Get Directions...

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Gornostaypol

Posted by on Jul 13, 2022 in Kiev region | 0 comments

Gornostaypol is a village in Ivankov district of Kiev region.  The population of Gornostaypol was 1061 people in 2001. The shtetl has been known since the year 1493. It became part of the Russian Empire in 1793. In the 19th and early 20th centuries, the shtetl was part of the Radomysl district, Kyiv province. I visited the former shtetl in 2018; I managed to interview the local resident Olena Dimitrovna Ovsyanik, who was born in 1938. She told me some...

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Makhnovka

Posted by on May 6, 2022 in Vinnytsia region | 0 comments

Makhnovka is a village in the Kazatinsky district of the Vinnitsa region, 12 kilometers from the Kazatin railway station. The population at the 2001 census was 3,467. A rather picturesque river Gnilopyat flows near the village. Before Revolution, Makhnovka was a shtetl of Berdichev uezd, Kiev gubernia. From 1935 to 2016 – the village was called Komsomolskoye. In 2016, the historical name of Makhnovka was returned to the village.   Beginning Documentary references to Makhnovka have been known at...

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Troyanov

Posted by on Feb 2, 2022 in Zhytomyr region | 2 comments

Troyanov is a village in Zhytomir district, Zhytomir region. Troyanov is located on the Gnilopyat River, a tributary of the Teterev. The village’s estimated population is 1929 (as of 2001). In 19th – beginning of 20th century it was a shtetl of Zhytomir Yezd of Volyn Gubernia.  I visited Troyanov during the 2020 summer expedition. Afterwards, I was able to put together the little information I collected about the Jews of the village. There haven’t been any new buildings in the...

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Voznesensk

Posted by on Sep 12, 2020 in Mykolaiv region, Shtetls | 1 comment

Вознесенск(Russian), Вознесенськ(Ukrainian) Voznesensk is a town and a district center in Nikolayev region. The city’s estimated population is 35.843 (as of 2015). In the XIX – early XX century it was a shtetl of Elisavetgrad Yezd of Kherson Gubernia. Get Directions When the foundation stone was laid on May 10, 1795, the population was composed of a mix of Ukrainians, Russians, and Moldovans. From the late XVIII century when Poland was partitioned and merged with the Russian Empire, Jews...

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