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Malin

Posted by on 11-19-17

Mokra Kaligorka

Posted by on 11-12-17

Moshny

Posted by on 11-5-17

Khotin

Posted by on 10-22-17

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Malin

Posted by on Лис 19, 2017 in Shtetls, Zhytomyr region | 0 comments

Malin is a historic city located in Zhytomyr region, center of Malin district. The city’s estimated population is 26,934  (as of 2013). In 1793, when Poland was divided for the second time, the town of Malin became part of Russia. Four years later, in 1797, government authorities formally incorporated Malin into the Radomishl district of Kiev Gubernia. Although the first mention of Jews in Malin was in 1784, many historians believe the community existed earlier. By the late XIX century, records show a synagogue, two Jewish prayer houses and a Jewish hospital there. In addition, we know that a Jew named Yakov Rabinovich and his brother Aron owned a furniture factory, dairy farms, and a dairy plant. At the turn of the century Nakhum Vaisblat (born in Narodichi in 1864) ,became a rabbi in Malin. Researchers have found references to his popularity, due to his brilliant sermons, his wise and fair decisions in disputes, his excellent teaching in the yeshiva, and his charity work. In 1902, he became the first rabbi in Kiev, where he died in 1925. During this same period, and before the revolution, I.L. Doktorovich was a very popular physician in Malin. People said that there was no disease that he couldn’t cure. During the revolution, the town’s governing council changed often reflecting political realities...

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Mokra Kaligorka

Posted by on Лис 12, 2017 in Cherkasy region, Shtetls | 0 comments

Kalihórka Mokra (Polish), Мокрая Калигорка, Mokraya Kaligorka (Russian) Mokra Kaligorka is town of the Katerinopol district, Cherkassy region. It has been known since the early XVIII century, at which time it was incorporated into the Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth. It has been a part of the Russian Empire since 1793. In the XIX-early XX centuries, it was the town Kaligorka Mokraya of Zvenigorod uyezd, Kiev gubernia. Most information for this article was provided by teacher of the local school Ludmila Diduk. We don’t know when Jews first appeared in Mokra Kaligorka. In 1896, a Jewish almshouse was functioning in Mokra Kaligorka. In 1914, Jews owned a drugstore, bakery, and 52 stalls including 13 factories and two grocery stores. There was also a landlord’s mansion, a Jewish synagogue, a bakery, the Jew Benia’s inn (he was mentioned in the book “Black Raven” by Vasyl Shkliar), various shops, workshops, and houses in the centre of the village. Jews were tailors and shoemakers, hiring their assistants from the peasants and offering part-time jobs to children. They washed bottles, carbonated water, and did all the dirty work to earn their living. Jewish population of Mokra Kaligorka: 1830 – 335 (28% of total) 1897 – 1677 (54%), 1913 – 1300 (38%) 1923 – 156, 1939 – 115 2000’s – 0 In 1913, 1,300 Jews...

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Moshny

Posted by on Лис 5, 2017 in Cherkasy region, Shtetls | 0 comments

Moshny is a village of Cherkassy district, Cherkassy region. Its population was 4,799 people in 2001. In the early ХХ century it was a shtetl of the Cherkassy uyezd, Kiev gubernia. Moshny is situated sixteen miles west-northwest of Cherkasy, a short distance north of the Vilshanka River, and about five miles southwest of the Dnieper River. Moshny was granted Magdeburg rights in 1592. The Moshny Jewish community was primarily a Hasidic community. Its population in the late eighteenth century was a...

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Khotin

Posted by on Жов 22, 2017 in Chernivtsi region, Shtetls | 1 comment

Khotin is a district town in the Chernivtsi region, Ukraine. It was founded in the X century in Kievan Rus. Since the second part of the XIV century, it was part of the Moldavian principality. It was also under the power of Poland. Since 1711 it has been under the influence of Turkey. According to the Bucharest Peace Treaty of 1812 Khotin together with Bessarabia was incorporated into Russia. In 1918 it was annexed Romania. By 1940 the Soviet Union annexed...

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Pereyaslav

Posted by on Вер 30, 2017 in Kiev region, Shtetls | 0 comments

Pereyaslav-Khmelnitskii (Pereyaslav by 1943) is a city of Kiev region, Ukraine. It was first mentioned in the chronicles in 906 and joined the Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth in 1569. It was incorporated into the Russian Empire in 1654. In the XIX-early XX centuries, it was a centr of Pereyaslav Uezd of Poltava gubernia. Most information for this article was taken from the book of Tsilya Gehtman “Jews of Pereyaslav”. Beginning Jews have been living in Pereyaslav-Khmelnitskii since the XVII century. In...

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Makarov

Posted by on Лип 23, 2017 in Kiev region, Shtetls | 1 comment

Makarov is a city, district center of Kiev region. The city’s estimated population is 11.860 (as of 2006). It is known since the early 17th century. In the XVII-XVIII centuries it was a part of the Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth. In 1793 it was incorporated into the Russian Empire. In the XIX and early XX centuries, it was a shtetl of Kiev uyezd (district) in Kiev gubernia. Beginning According to some historical sources, Jews in Makarov appeared in the second part of...

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Obukhov

Posted by on Лип 11, 2017 in Kiev region | 0 comments

Obuchów (Polish), Обухів – Obukhiv (Ukrainian), Обухов – Obukhov (Russian) Obukhov is a town in Kiev region. Its population is 33,322 people in 2016. Before the revolution, it was a shtetl in Kiev uyezd of Kiev Gubernia. I couldn’t find any serious data concerning the history of Obukhov Jews. The materials from articles of local historian was used for this article. It is not known when Jews first settled in Obukhov. In the late XIX – early XX century...

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