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Novoarkhangelsk

Posted by on 1-24-19

Zlatopol

Posted by on 6-13-18

Shpola

Posted by on 5-14-18

Torgovitsa

Posted by on 4-24-18

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Novoarkhangelsk

Posted by on Jan 24, 2019 in Kirovohrad region, Shtetls | 0 comments

Novoarkhangelsk is an urban-type settlement since 1957 and a district center of Kirovograd region. It was established in 1742. In the XIX to early XX centuries, it was a shtetl of Yelizavetgradka uyezd, Kherson guberniya. Novoarkhangelsk stands on river Sinuha. On the opposite side of river locates former shtetl Torgovitsya. We were in Novoarkhangelsk in the summer 2017, but we couldn’t gather any information about the history of Jews living in this former shtetl. Get Directions Jews have been living in Novoarkhangelsk since 1764. In the XVIII century, the main occupations of the Jewish population of the shtetl were crafts and trade. Jewish population of Rizhanovka: 1897 — 943 (15%) 1923 – 570 Jews 1939 – 209 Jews In the 1880’s Jews owned the majority of trade and industrial enterprises including mills and smithies. In 1913, Jews owned the only drugstore and a warehouse of pharmacy products, five stalls including the only haberdashery store, and a factory. The only lumberman in Novoarkhangelsk was Jewish. In early September 1919, a pogrom was carried out by the parts of the Volunteer Army in Novoarkhangelsk. As a result, many Jews were killed and, all Jewish houses were looted. In the 1920’s-1930’s, a large part of the Jews of Novoarkhangelsk moved to bigger cities. In August 1941, Novoarkhangelsk was...

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Rizhanovka

Posted by on Jan 13, 2019 in Cherkasy region | 0 comments

Ryzhanovka is a village in the Zvenigorodka district of the Cherkassy region. In the XIX and early XX centuries it was a shtetl of Zvenigorodka district of the Kiev guberniya. A native of Ryzhanovka Dmitriy Morgulis collected information about the Jews of the shtetl all his life. However, he died in 2013-2014 and without publishing it. A lot of information used in this article was given by Judith Merida and Rabbi Elazar Nezdatny. The latter’s grandfather was born in Ryzhanovka. Get Directions Jews had been living in Ryzhanovka since XVII century. Their main occupations were crafts, selling salt, horses, cattle, and rental properties. In the early 19thcentury two synagogues opened in Ryzhanovka. One of them was presented to the community by Yona Mendelson in 1827. Jewish population of Rizhanovka: 1800 — 2668 Jews 1897 — 1374 (33%) 1906 — 1196 (29%) 1913 ~ 2500 Jews 1923 – 592 Jews In 1851, the Jews owned a mill, winery, bakeries, and about 100 buildings. In 1860, there was a large fire and 60 Jewish houses burned down. The Jews of Ryzhanovka also suffered during the fires in 1864 and 1873. In the 1860’s, the Jews paid taxes on selling alcohol. There was a Jewish cemetery in Ryzhanovka. Yosef-Yeguda Vaysburd (1847-?) has been a rabbi in Ryzhanovka since 1876....

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Zlatopol

Posted by on Jun 13, 2018 in Kirovohrad region, Shtetls | 0 comments

Zlatopol is a settlement in the former Kiev guberniya. In 1959, Zlatopol was incorporated into Novomirgorod in the Kirovograd region. In the XIX – early XX centuries, it was a shtetl belonging to the Chigirin uyezd, Kiev guberniya. In the late XVIII century, Jews began to settle in Zlatopol. By 1787, the town belonged to the noble Polish Liubomirskiy family. Ksaveriy Liubomirsky stimulated the development of Zlatopol. He used to hold fairs there, and gave credit to Jewish merchants....

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Shpola

Posted by on May 14, 2018 in Cherkasy region, Shtetls | 0 comments

Shpola – Шпола (Ukrainian), Shpole, שפּאָלע (Yiddish) Shpola is a town in Cherkassy region, a center of Shpola district, a geographical center of Ukraine. 18,112 lived in the town in 2011. Before the Revolution, Shpola was a town of Zvenigorod Uezd of Kiev gubernia. I could find very little information about the history of Shpola Jewish community before 1917 🙁 Get Directions The heyday of the Jewish shtetl and its emergence as a Hasidic center in the 18th century...

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Torgovitsa

Posted by on Apr 24, 2018 in Kirovohrad region, Shtetls | 0 comments

Torgovitsa is a village of Novoarkhangelsk district, Kirovograd region. Before the Revolution it was a shtetl of Uman uyezd, Kiev province. I could find very little information about Jews from Torgovitsa 🙁 We visited Torgovitsa in 2017 and made few photos of Holocaust mass grave and remains of Jewish cemetery. Get Directions According to 1897 census, 1299 Jews lived there (35% of total population). Before the revolution Jews lived mainly in Novaya street which was up to the Market square. There...

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Luginy

Posted by on Apr 21, 2018 in Shtetls, Zhytomyr region | 0 comments

Luhin (Yiddish), Лугины – Luginy (Russian) Luginy, an urban-type settlement (since 1967)is a district center in the Zhytomyr region. In the XVII-XVIII centuries it was governed by the Kiev voivodeship as part of the Commonwealth, and since 1793 by the the Russian Empire. In the XIX – early XX centuries it was in the township of Luginy Ovruch uyezd, Volyn Gubernia. Get Directions Jewish population of Luginy: 1847 – 1154 Jews 1897 – 1599 (64%) 1923 – 1709 Jews 1939 –...

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Slovechno

Posted by on Apr 11, 2018 in Shtetls, Zhytomyr region | 0 comments

Словечне – Slovechne (Ukrainian), Словечно – Slovechno (Russian) Slovechno is a village in Ovruch district, Zhitomir region. The population is 1,725 people (in 2001). In the early XX century, Slovechno was a shtetl of Ovruch uyezd, Volin gubernia. The village was a district center of the Zhitomir region from 1923 till 1962. Part of the information for this article was provided by local historian Oleksiy Gorbachevskiy. Much more of information about Jews of Slovechno can be found in the...

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