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Smela

Posted by on 4-8-19

Khoroshev

Posted by on 4-1-19

Kamenka

Posted by on 3-30-19

Emilchino

Posted by on 3-29-19

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Smela

Posted by on Apr 8, 2019 in Cherkasy region, Shtetls | 0 comments

Smela (Yiddish), Smela – Смeла (Russian) Smela is a city in the Cherkassy region. It is situated on the left bank of the Tiasmin river. The population of Smela was 69,000 people in 2005. The first settlement on the Tiasmin river dates back to 1542 and was called Yatskovo, later it was called Tiasmino. The shtetl of Smela was founded in 1633 with the support of magnate Stanislav Kontsepolskiy. In 1650, Smela Jewish community was first mentioned. In 1773, at the request of then-owners of the town the Liubomirskys, the Polish king gave the town the Magdeburg Right. In 1795, Smela became a part of the Russian Empire. It was a shtetl of Cherkassy uezd, Kiev gubernia. Get Directions In the XVIII century, Smila was often subject to pogroms by Haidamaks, especially in 1768, when Zheleznyak entered the city with a detachment of rioters and, as described by Pohilevich: “the detachment of 300 people, under the leadership of Zheleznyak himself, killed the Polish nobles and the Jews.” As a result of the pogroms, the Jewish community disappeared and it was only revived in the mid-XIX century. More names In the 1830’s, its industrial development began.   Jewish population of Smela: 1765 927 (in kagal) 1847 – 1270 Jews 1897 – 7475 (50%) 1925 –...

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Khoroshev

Posted by on Apr 1, 2019 in Shtetls, Zhytomyr region | 0 comments

Khoroshev is an urban-type village, a district center in the Zhitomir region. Khoroshev has been a part of the Russian Empire since 1793. In the XIX – early XX centuries it was a shtetl in Zhitomir uyezd, Volyn gubernia. The settlement has been renamed several times: by 1607 – Alexandropol, in 1607-1912 – Goroshki, in 1912-1923 – Kutuzovo, in 1923 – 1933 – Volodarsk-Volynskiy, and in 2016 – Khoroshev. We gathered information about post-war Jews of Khoroshev during our summer expedition in 2017. Get Directions The first mention of Khoroshev dates back to 1545. Jews have been living in Khoroshev since the XVIII century. Their main occupations were crafts and petty trade. In 1912, a Jewish service and credit society was established in Khoroshev. In early September 1919, the 44th Soviet Division retreated through Khoroshev. For three days and three nights they terrorized the Jewish population. They broke into stalls, took goods out of them, entered homes and committed robberies and murders. Jewish population of Khoroshev: 1897 – 2018 (62%) 1926 – 2068 (51%) 1939 – 988 (28%) 1989 — 76 Jews 2017 – 1 Jew After this, the shtetl was looted repeatedly by the local bands. In the 1920’s., kheders were closed, a mikvah was destroyed. In the late 1920’s, a Jewish community...

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Puliny

Posted by on Mar 31, 2019 in Kiev region | 0 comments

Puliny (from 1935 until 2016 called Chervonoarmiisk) is an urban-type settlement in Zhytomyr Oblast. It is the administrative center of Puliny Raion. Population: 5,454(2013 est.) In XIX – beginning of XX century it was a shtetl of Zhitomir Yezd, Volyn Gubernia. In the mid-nineteenth century, Puliny did not form an independent Jewish community and in 1867 there were only 43 Jewish houses. Get Directions In 1867 the Russian authorities knew about one prayer house in Puliny, which was officially...

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Kamenka

Posted by on Mar 30, 2019 in Cherkasy region, Shtetls | 0 comments

Kamenka is a town in the Cherkassy region with the population of 11,978 (2016). Before the 1917 revolution, Kamenka was a shtetl of Chigirin uyezd, Kiev guberniya. No much information was available about Kamenka’s Jewish history in the XIX – early XX century. In the early XX century, there was one synagogue and a prayer house in the town. During pogroms, the synagogue and the Jewish amateur theatre were destroyed. In 1919, it has about six thousand inhabitants; about...

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Emilchino

Posted by on Mar 29, 2019 in Shtetls, Zhytomyr region | 0 comments

A village named Emilchino has been known since the year 1585; however, little information exists about pre-revolutionary life there. We do know that the town was originally incorporated into the Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth. However, in 1793, Emilchino became part of the Russian Empire. We find some references to a Jewish population in the town during the XIX – XX centuries. Most Jewish residents worked in petty trading or in various crafts. During that time frame, the town became an integral...

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Gostomel

Posted by on Mar 28, 2019 in Kiev region, Shtetls | 0 comments

Hostoml (Polish), Гостомель – Hostomel, Hostomel’ (Ukrainian) Gostomel is a town in the Kiev region. In the XIX – early XX centuries, it was a shtetl of the Kiev uyezd, Kiev gubernia. Very little is known about Jewish history of this former shtetl. Some information on the post-war Jewish population of Gostomel was provided by Genia Mezhiritskaya, born in 1938. We met in Gostomel in spring 2018. Get Directions Following the second partition of Poland in 1793, when the...

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Ovruch

Posted by on Mar 26, 2019 in Shtetls, Zhytomyr region | 0 comments

Ovruch is a city in Zhytomyr region. In the XVI – XVIII centuries, it was a part of the Commonwealth of Poland. In the year 1793 the town was incorporated into the Russian Empire. Since 1795 it has been a district (uyezd) center of the Volyn gubernia. The first mention of Jews living in Ovruch dates back to 1629. At that time Jews there owned three houses and paid taxes to the owner of Ovruch. The main occupations of...

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