Byshov is a historic town located in Makarov district of Kiev region. Byshovis located on the Lupa River, a tributary of the Irpen. The town’s estimated population is 2,773 (as of 2001).
Byshov became a part of Russia Empire in 1793, in XIX – beginning of XX century it was shtetl of Kiev Yezd of Kiev Gubernia.
The earliest source of data on the Byshiv Jewish community states that there were 142 Jews in the village in 1765. Population numbers peaked in 1864 at 780, and dropped to 597 by 1897 (17% of total population).
According to the Brockhaus-Efron Encyclopaedia, in the archives of the town owners in Pashkotz, a document has been preserved in which an Itsko Ozerovich proclaims his free will to swear loyalty in the synagogue.
In 1768, the Jews of Byshiv were victims of the Haidamak pogroms. In 1900 there was one synagogue in Byshiv.
I haven’t find much info about Byshev Jewish community and this article will consist of some photos only 🙁
Byshev entrepreneurs list from Russian Empire Business Directories by 1913. 90% names are Jewish
Synagogue was on this place
On this place was Jewish cemetery. It was destroyed before WWII
Former market square (on the left side) which was surrounded by Jewish shops and former Jewish quarter (now it is Zhukova Str.)
Silver Shabbat cup which belonged to Byshev Jews
Part of Torah scroll in Byshev local museum. It was brought from village Vilne (12km from Byshov)
Torah with comments and Machzor for Rosh Hashanah in Byshev local museum
On this place 20 local Jews were killed by Sokolovskiy gang during pogrom in 1919
Remains of Torah scroll which belong to Byshev Jews
Jewish tombstone in the basement of farm’s storehouse which was build in 1930’s. It was standing on the grave of ” Sarah, daughter of cohen Levi-Yitskhok who died in 1910″
Jewish tombstone in the basement of farm’s storehouse which was build in 1930’s.
S.L. Deputat (on the left), who saved his Jewish neighbors during pogrom in 1919
Local Jewish woman Fira (on left) who was saved during pogrom by S.L. Deputat in 1919. Photo was made during her visit in Byshov after WWII
We know the names of 2 local Jews who were killed by Germans and members of local police:
-Tatyana Yakovlevna Konopatskaya (journalist)
– Jewish men with nickname Vilchek (tailor). His last words were: “Forgive me for all, I do nothing bad for you”
After the war few Jews returned in Byshov:
– Fanya Moiseevna Kerzhner (she was a Head of Education department)
– systers Roza and Katya Feldman
– Morgulis (he survived during the Holocaust and repatriated to Israel)
Systers Feldman died in 1970’s-1980’s. They were last Jews of Byshev….