Pages Navigation Menu




Imen, Human (Yiddish Transliteration), Умань (Ukrainian), Умань – Uman’ (Russian)

Uman is a historical city in Cherkassy region. The estimated population is 86.911 (as of 2010).
In XIX – beginning of XX century it was center of Uman Yezd of Kiev Gubernia.

More information about Jews of Uman can be found in academic works of Irina Melnik , T. Kuznets or plan of excursion by Olena Andronatiy.

How It Started

A Jewish community appeared in Uman in the early 18th century. The first mention of Jews in Uman relates to the events of Haydamaks’ uprising. In 1749 the Haidamacks massacred many Jews of Uman and burned part of the town.
In 1761, the owner of Uman, Earl Pototsky, rebuilt the city and established a market, at which time around 450 Jews were living in the city. During this time, Uman began to flourish both as a Jewish town and a trade center.

My location
Get Directions

In 1768 Haidamacks annihilated the Jews of Uman, together with the Jews from other places who had sought refuge there.
On June 19, 1788, the peasant revolutionary, Maxim Zheleznyak, marched on Uman ater he had butchered the Jews of Tetiyev. When the Cossack garrison and its commander, Ivan Gonta, went over to Zheleznyak (despite the sums of money he received from the Uman community and the promises he had made in return), the city fell to Zheleznyak, in spite of a courageous defense in which the Jews played an active role. The Jews then gathered in the synagogues, where they were led by Leib Shargorodski and Moses Menaker in an attempt to defend themselves, but they were destroyed by cannon fire. The Jews who remained in the city were subsequently killed. The massacre lasted for three days and old men, women or children were not spared. Gonta threatened death to all Christians who dared to shelter the Jews. The number of Poles and Jews who were killed in the “massacre of Uman” is estimated to be 20,000. The anniversary of the commencement of the massacre, Tammuz 5, was thereafter known as the “Evil Decree of Uman,” and was observed as a fast and by a special prayer.

Jewish neighborhood of the Uman with roof of Choral Synagogue behind, 1910's

Jewish neighbourhood of the Uman with roof of Choral Synagogue behind, 1910’s


Uman map by 1913 with Choral Synagogue and Old Jewish cemetery

Uman map by 1913 with Choral Synagogue and Old Jewish cemetery

Ancient dungeons in the center old Uman:

Uman became a part of Russia in 1793.
In the late XVIII century, there was a strong and numerous Jewish community in Uman and by 1806, there were 1,895 Jews recorded as living in the city.

Photo from collection of Judaica Institute, Kiev:

This slideshow requires JavaScript.

Rabbi Nahman

In the early 19th century, Uman became a centre of Hasidism, particularly associated with the famous tzadik, Rabbi Nahman of Bratzlav (April 4, 1772 – October 16, 1810) who spent two years in Uman. He settled in Uman and before his death there he said, “the souls of the martyrs (slaughtered by Gonta) await me.” His grave at the Jewish cemetery has become a pilgrimage site for Bratslav Hasidim from all over the world. After Rabbi Nachman’s death, the spiritual leader of the Bratzlav Hasidim was Rabbi Nathan Shternharts.

Markets in the center of Uman. They were build in 1780-1838

Markets in the center of Uman. They were build in 1780-1838

Before revolution

Jewish population of Uman:
1761 ~ 450 Jews
1801 – 1895 Jews
1897 – 17945 (57,9%)
1914 – 28267 (56,2%)
1926 – 22179 (49,5%)
1939 – 13233 (29,8%)
1959 ~ 2200 (5%)
2012 – 612 Jews

Uman had the reputation of being a city of klezmerim (“Jewish musicians”). The grandfather of the violinist Mischa Elman was a popular klezmer in the city, and the tunes of Uman were widely known.

It was also known as one of the first centers of the Haskalah movement in the Ukraine. The leader of the movement was Chaim Hurwitz. In 1822 “a school based on Mendelssohnian principles” was established in Uman and several years before the schools in Odessa and Kishinev. The founder was Hirsch Beer, the son of Chaim Hurwitz and a friend of the poet Jacob Eichenbaum; the school was closed after a few years.
In 1842 there were 4,933 Jews in Uman; in 1897 – 17,945 (59% of the total population), and in 1910, 28,267. In 1870 there was 14 big synagogues and prayers house.

Rabbi Ephraim Fishl Mats (may his memory be a blessing) was the Chief Rabbi of Uman in 1912. His house on Commercial Street was the centre of Jewish religious and social life. After the revolution, he struggled against representatives of the Jewish section of the Communist Party (the so-called "Evsektsiya"). He died alone, with only his devoted wife by his deathbed, out of his large family.

Rabbi Ephraim Fishl Mats (may his memory be a blessing) was the Chief Rabbi of Uman in 1912. His house on Commercial Street was the centre of Jewish religious and social life. After the revolution, he struggled against representatives of the Jewish section of the Communist Party (the so-called “Evsektsiya”). He died alone, with only his devoted wife by his deathbed, out of his large family.

Small article about Fishl Mats in the list of the rabies of Russiam Empire, 1911

Small article about Fishl Mats in the list of the rabies of Russiam Empire, 1911


At the turn of the XIX-XX centuries Uman has become an important trading center. In 1890 the railway station was opened. This has greatly enlivened the development of local industry and commerce. In the beginning of the XX century, there were 4 big synagogues, 13 prayer houses, three private boys’ schools and a Talmud Torah in Uman.

Central street of Uman

In 1905, as a result of the pogrom 3 Jews were killed.

About Uman in 1905-1906, from the book “Descendants of Candle Maker Kaprove” by Joseph M. Gillman:

Uman was something else again. By any standard of the time, it was a center of culture. It had a population of about 45,000, a large proportion Jewish. It was the “Big City” in the area between Kiev and Odessa. It was a county seat and the trading center for towns and villages many miles around. Here Russian was spoken. Uman had a seven-year elementary public school with a capacity for 300 pupils; two gymnasia, one for boys and one for girls; a music conservatory; a theater for visiting troupes; a reading and lending library (you paid a small membership fee); a small park in which a brass band played on summer evenings; and a large wooded area, the Sofievka, for nature lovers. This park had a national reputation (it still has) for its natural as well as cultivated beauty. Most of the city was destroyed by the Nazis, but the Sofievka was miraculously spared.

The streets of Uman were cobblestone. Many buildings were two to four stories high, built of brick, and slate or tin – roofed. The town had no sewer system but, for the most part, especially in the “New City,” privies were private and enclosed. Most of the homes had running water. Several doctors and two or three hospitals served the town and surrounding villages. There were dentists and feldshers in Uman, trained midwives, and lawyers. Electricity illuminated the window displays of the bigger stores and was used for lighting in the homes of the affluent. The city had a police department and a fire department, a telegraph office, a telephone exchange, and a branch of the State Bank; a post office and even a stockbrokerage. Some three miles from town, a railroad station was served by a spur from a main line 20 miles away. Although essentially a trading center, Uman possessed considerable small industry-a couple of iron foundries, steam-driven flour mills, some woodworking shops, a garment-making establishment and smaller tailoring shops, several bakeries and softdrink bottling factories.

There was no strictly Jewish ghetto in Uman at that time, although the orthodox and the poorer Jews congregated in the “Old City.” Here were located the Jewish hospital, the Jewish cemetery, and the orthodox synagogues. The more affluent and the more “enlightened” Jews lived in the “New City.” Here was located what we in America call the “conservative” synagogue where female worshippers sit together with their males, whereas in the strictly orthodox shule female worshippers are partitioned off in a separate chamber. A Talmud Torah, a free school maintained by the Jewish community for the instruction of Jewish boys (I don’t remember about girls) gave courses in basic Hebrew and Russian and in both parochial and secular subjects. The home for the indigent as well as for itinerant poor was maintained next to the “Tolner” shule (orthodox) in the “Old City.” An outdoor privy stood between the two buildings.

Most of the Uman Jews were merchants, brokers, agents, go – betweens, “fixers,” and big and little shopkeepers. A Jew owned the big drygoods store; his son-in-law operated a fancy haberdashery catering to army officers and other elites of the city and surroundings.

Differences in wealth, of course, created an aristocracy among the Jews as among the gentiles. The Jewish aristocracy was distinguished from the rest of the Jews of Uman by the extent of the secular education of their children.

Secular education in those years inevitably meant also the absorption of the new, radical social and political ideas that were then penetrating Russia. Many Uman Jews were “Kadety” – Social Democrats-and/or ZionIsts. Clandestinely, youth – Jews and gentiles – read Marx’s Das Kapital and Lenin’s journal, Iskra.

Uman entrepreneurs in 1913 with numerous Jewish names:

More names of Uman entrepreneurs from 1913


In Uman section of Russian Empire Business Directory by 1913 mentioned next facts:
– official rabbi was Kontorshik Ber Ioselevich
– spiritual rabbi Borochin P., Mats
– Synagogues:”Hahnusas-Kalo”, Novobazarnaya Horal, Starobazarnaya, Talnovskaya
– Prayer houses: “Besgamedrash”, Latvatskogo, Tsirulnikova
– Private Jewish female three-year school, the head was Boguslavskaya Tsesya Avramovna
– Talmud-Torah, head is Gershengorn A.
– mentioned 6 Jewish charity organizations

Panorama of Uman, beginning of XX century

Panorama of Uman, beginning of XX century

Panorama of Uman, beginning of XX century

Civil Was pogroms

During the Bolshevik Revolution, the Jews of Uman endured great suffering. In the spring and summer of 1919, a number of troops passed through the city and perpetrated pogroms; there were 400 victims in the first pogrom and more than 90 in the subsequent one. More than 400 victims of the pogrom 12-14 May 1919 were buried in the Jewish cemetery in three mass graves. This time the Christian inhabitants helped to hide the Jews. The Council for Public Peace, most of whose members were prominent Christians, with a minority of prominent Jews, saved the city from danger several times; in 1920, for example, it stopped the pogrom initiated by the troops of General A. Denikin.

Descriprion of pogroms in Uman from “Massacre’s scroll”:

PreRevolution buildings in the center of Uman

PreRevolution buildings in the center of Uman

In book “Sokolievka/Justingrad: A Century of Struggle and Suffering in a Ukrainian Shtetl”, New York 1983 mentioned next information about this time in Uman:

This mass murder of Jewish youth spread a horrific panic throughout the Jewish population of the entire region. Soon after, news arrived in Uman that Zeleny was on his way. This was the beginning of August, and a great fear befell the Uman Jewish community. The city had recently experienced the slaughter of Atamans Sokol, Stetsyure and Nikolsky. “The feelings of dejection and helplessness”, explained a survivor, “were so great that the Jews of Uman started a rumour that there were 50 American battalions in Kiev who were going to protect them from pogroms. The only hope was that the Americans would arrive before the gangs.”

Statistic of pogroms in Uman from Kiev Archive

Statistic of pogroms in Uman from Kiev Archive

After Civil War

In the 1920s and 30s, many Jews moved from Uman to Kiev and other major centers with the Jewish community reduced in size by some ten percent by 1926 down to 22,179 people (49,5%).

Old buikding in the center of Uman

Old buikding in the center of Uman

In 1936, after a long period of plotting against the Jews, and after the imposition of unduly heavy taxes levied upon them by the Communist government, the era of the synagogue came to an end. The late Reb Levy Yitzchok Bender, who was in charge of the synagogue at the time of its closing, pointed out that it was the last synagogue in the area to be shut down. It had become a repository for all the Torah scrolls of the regional synagogues.

Leib Aronovich Radovilskiy (standing at the left) with sisters in Uman, 1930's

Leib Aronovich Radovilskiy (standing at the left) with sisters in Uman, 1930’s

In the 1930s, Yankl Skibinsky was the director of the Jewish school in Uman. He was shot in Uman during the war.

In 1939, there were at least 13,000 Jews (29,8%) in Uman.

Story about Grinberg family by Ed Weinberg 


Most of horrifying details of Holocaust in Uman described in the book Roads of the ghetto by Klara Berezovskaya (Russian).

On August 1, 1941, when Uman was occupied, around 15,000 Jews resided in the city which included refugees from the surrounding villages and towns.

From the memories of Klara Berezovskaya:

The Germans ordered fifty Jews to come to establish a Judenrat, but the Jews did not comply. So a new order was issued for twenty people to come three days later. This time, twenty representatives of the intelligentsia showed up, and they were taken away and executed near Khristinovka that same night.

At 3 p.m., German squads approached from the old town, surrounding Jewish houses and driving out the unfortunate inhabitants. Ukrainians, both adults and children, were found pointing out where the Jews were hiding. The crowd of Jews was divided into two parts. The first group was led along Sovetskaya Street to three large houses, one of which housed the Pioneers’ Palace. The victims were driven into the basements, the windows boarded up and covered with shutters in advance. Only a few survived, those who happened to be near a small opening or door and could breathe fresher air.

The second group was sent through Bolshaya Fontannaya to the prison. In the prison yard, they were forced to strip naked and ordered to sing and dance. Suddenly, a messenger arrived from the Gestapo with an order to stop the abuse. The women were released the following day, but all the men were executed. Approximately 1,500 people died in the prison and basements.
On September 21, 1941, the Germans issued a decree for the resettlement of all Jews to the ghetto. Several streets in the old town were designated for the ghetto, and everyone was ordered to move there. There were few houses on these streets but a significant number of Jews. The Jewish community received an order from the police to have all Jews…
On October 8, all Jews from the ghetto were driven to the prison, where a special commission subjected them to thorough searches and then sent them in groups on trucks to Sukhoy Yar. A massive communal grave had been dug where the Jews were shot.

After the second pogrom, there were about 1,800 Jews left in the ghetto. They were all forced to work.

The Germans imposed contributions on the ghetto – 80,000 rubles the first time, 170,000 the second time, and 360,000 the third time.
Jews who converted to Christianity were also persecuted. At that time, a priest, protesting against the unjust cruelty, wrote a petition to the commissioner, citing the holy scriptures. As a result, the naive and honest priest was arrested and executed by the Germans.
Almost all Jews lived in the ghetto, while specialists worked in the city.

On January 1, 1942, an order was issued to dismiss all Jews who were not yet living in the ghetto and relocate them there.
On February 23, 1942, the police entered the ghetto and hanged the elder Rabinovich and the doctor, Goldenberg.
On April 22, 1942, trucks arrived at the ghetto, surrounded it, and started taking away children, elderly people, and all the non-working individuals in trucks, while the strong and able-bodied were sent to labour camps. Eventually, the last specialists were settled in the ghetto.

All the surviving children were gathered in an orphanage (in the end, they were all annihilated).
Jews were forbidden to buy food at the market, but many would remove their armbands and leave the ghetto. Ukrainian women would point out Jews to the police. The police would brutally beat the offenders and drive them away from the market.

Jews brought to the hospital were not treated but immediately executed.

In November 1942, the ghetto was finally destroyed. A directive was issued to register immediately, even with small children. As soon as the Jews arrived, the women were locked in a barn, and the men were checked. A few people working at the motor repair plant were sent to work, while the rest were killed. Only three people survived among those sent to work and soon managed to escape to Bershad.
Photos of the Uman shot by unknown German soldiers, 1941:

This slideshow requires JavaScript.

During the first shootings, six Jewish doctors were killed. On August 13, the Germans executed 80 people from the local Jewish intelligentsia.

Jews before execution in Uman, photo of unknown German soldier

Jews before execution in Uman, photo of unknown German soldier

On September 21, several thousand Jews were herded into the basement of the prison building, with around a thousand dying from suffocation.

Memorial table on building of former prison. It was placed in 2007.

Memorial table on building of former prison. It was placed in 2007.

On October 1 1941, a ghetto was set up in the area known as Rakivka. But October 10 1941 (Yom Kippur) the ghetto was practically eliminated. 304 Police battalion from Kirovograd killed 5,400 Jews from Uman and 600 captured ones. Only the Jews with the skills necessary for the war effort remained in the ghetto with their families. Samborskiy and Tabachnik were in charge of Judenrat. The ghetto inmates were brutally tortured.

There was a Jewish ghetto on this street

There was a Jewish ghetto on this street

In April 1942, German requested Head of ghetto Chaim Shvartz to provide 1000 Jewish kids for massacre but he refused. After this Germans selected more than 1000 children and killed them near village of Grodzevo.


Monument on children's mass grave was open in 2017 for cost of Netherland christian organisation

Monument on children’s mass grave was open in 2017 for cost of Netherland christian organisation

During 1941-1942 over 10,000 Jews were killed in Uman. A labor camp for the Jews from Transnistria, Bessarabia and Bukovina was set up after the ghetto was liquidated.
A POW camp called “Uman Pit” operated during the summer-autumn 1941 in Uman where thousands of people died or were killed. German newsreel about “Uman Pit” camp in 1941:

Uman was liberated by the Red Army on 10 March 1944.

Ester Zubataya with grandaughters Manya (at the left) and Maria. Only Maria survived in Holocaust and provide this photo to Shoa foundation in 1990's

Ester Zubataya with grandaughters Manya (at the left) and Maria. Only Maria survived in Holocaust and provide this photo to Shoa foundation in 1990’s

80% of the total losses of civilian population in Uman were Jews.

Here are some the Righteous Gentiles of Uman and the area who saved Jewish lives during the Holocaust: Victor Fedoseevich Kryzhanovskii, Galina Mikhailovna Zayats, Galina Andreyevna Zakharova.

Memories about Holocaust in Uman by Manya Faingold:

After WWII

In 1959 there were 2,200 Jews (5% of the total population). In the late 1960s the Jewish population was estimated at about 1,000. The last synagogue was closed by the authorities in the 1957, and the Jewish cemetery fell into disrepair. A memorial to the memory of 17,000 Jewish martyrs of the Nazis bears an inscription in Yiddish.

This slideshow requires JavaScript.

Old Jewish houses around the synagogue on Chernogo Street:

This slideshow requires JavaScript.

Some Jews still visit the tomb of Nahman of Bratslav. After the breakup of the Soviet Union, pilgrimages to Rebbe Nahman’s grave became more popular, with thousands arriving from all around the world on Rosh ha-Shanah.

Remain of PreRevolution Jewish house in Fortechna Street

Remain of PreRevolution Jewish house in Fortechna Street

Rare video of Hasidim pilgrimage to Uman in last years of Soviet Union (1989). In that time Rabbi’s Nahman grave was near a window of Jewish home at destroyed Jewish cemetery:

Now in Uman there are two Jewish communities: a local Jewish community and a community of Breslov hasidim who permanently live in city. The relationship between them is strained.

Here is a another source of information about the Jewish history of Uman this on a YouTube channel, run by a local historian Shlomo Shvartsman.

In 2015, Indiana University piblished materials of AHEYM Project on their website. There I find 4 small interviews in Yiddish which were taken in Uman in 2000’s.



The business part of the city was located on the central Nikolaev street (now Lenin Street). The Jewish Quarter was located to the south of the historic city center, along the road leading to the bridge over the river Umanka. A distinctive feature was its high density old settlement. The Jewish poor mostly lived there. Several families lived in the same house, occupying all floors, including the basement. These houses were more like huts, placed very close, crammed close to each other on a steep slope without fences to separate them. Narrow winding streets converge towards the market square.

House of Rabbi. Oktyabrskoi Revolucii str., 14

House of Rabbi. Oktyabrskoi Revolucii str., 14

The City Centre had a Choral Synagogue on the Upper Jewish street (now “Megaommeter” factory). This block was called Lower Jewish or Rakovka (now Sholom Aleichem street). The Jewish population of Rakovka were engaged mostly in small trade, as carpenters, metalworkers, tailors and shoe-makers.

Former Jewish school, now it is a school No 8

Former Jewish school, now it is a school No 8

Former Jewish Nursing home

Former Jewish Nursing home

The Jewish population was actively involved in trading at the fairs, where they ran a lot of small shops and stalls. Another Jewish quarter in Uman still exists today and was formed around the city center, in an area between the streets Uritskogo and Lenin. It is a shopping street, formerly populated by mostly Jewish inhabitants of Uman. The synagogue was destroyed during World War II and a house was built in its place.

Center of Uman in 1950's

Center of Uman in 1950’s

Rabbi Nahman grave

The cemetery has been in existence since the founding of the Jewish community in the early 18th century. According to some Hasidic sources, the victims of the Uman massacre in 1768 were buried here. It is likely that the old cemetery used to be located on the same site. In 1811, Rabbi Nachman of Bratzlav was buried next to the victims of the Uman massacre. In the 20th century, the cemetery was destroyed. No tombstones from the old cemetery survived.


Grave of Rabbi Nahman, beginning of XX century. Not sure if it is painting or photo

Grave of Rabbi Nahman, beginning of XX century. Not sure if it is painting or photo

This slideshow requires JavaScript.

The history of Rabbi Nachman of Bratzlav tomb, according to Bratslaver sources.
The tradition of visiting the grave of Rabbi Nachman was established among his students almost immediately after his death (when dying, Rabbi Nachman commanded his disciples to visit his grave, especially on Rosh Hashana). In the 1920s-30s, the adherents of Rabbi Nachman from the local community took care of the grave.

Monument on the place of Rabbi Nahman's home in Uman

Monument on the place of Rabbi Nahman’s home in Uman

During Nazi occupation 17,000 of Uman Jews were killed and the Old Jewish cemetery was completely destroyed. The Ohel on Rabbi Nahman grave was practically destroyed by bombing in 1944. After the war a few Hasids visited Uman and found only a tombstone.

In the end of 1940’s, de to efforts of Daniel Zagaiskiy (1888-1980) grave of rabbi Nahman wasn’t build up. More details about this story you can find here and here

Daniel Zagaiskiy (1888-1980)

Daniel Zagaiskiy (1888-1980)

In 1947 the local authorities decided to build on the territory of destroyed Old Jewish Cemetery. Rabbi Zanvil Lyubarskiy from Lvov knew the exact location of the grave and bought this piece of land through a local called Mikhail. Rabbi constructed a house near the grave so that the tomb was under the wall and the window. But Mikhail was afraid he would be discovered and he sold the site to a gentile family. The new owners did not the Jews and wouldn’t let them visit this holy grave. After some time the house was sold again to another gentile family and the new owner allowed the Hasidim access to pray until 1996 when the house was bought by Breslover Hasidim for USD 130,000.

Demolishing of PostWWII non-Jewish house on Rabbi's Nahman grave, 1997. Photo by Jason Ashkenasi

Demolishing of PostWWII non-Jewish house on Rabbi’s Nahman grave, 1997. Photo by Jason Ashkenasi

Not a single gravestone in its original form has survived. The cemetery contains a reconstructed tomb of Rabbi Nahman of Bratzlav, built into the wall of the house, according to Bratslaver tradition. This stone lies just over the grave of Rabbi Nachman, the original monument was destroyed during the war.

Small article about another graves in Old Jewish cemetery can be found here.

Former Synagogues

On the territory of modern “Megaohmmeter” factory two synagogues were located, a great choral one and a Hasidim one. The great choral synagogue now houses the electroplating unit. Both buildings date back to the XIX century. A court case to return the synagogue buildings to the community has been going for over five years. The Hasidim synagogue was closed in 1957, it was the last synagogue in the city.

Former Choral Synagogue, 2019

Former Choral Synagogue, 2019


According to Breslov Hasidim, Rabbi Nahman used to pray in the Hasidim Synagogue but other sources say that it was built after his death.
Address : Sovetskaya str., 49

Video about Uman hasidic synagogue:

Former Hasidim Synagogue, beginning of 1990’s:

Former Chabad synagogue in Uman (on the corner of Telmana str. and Telefonnaya str):

This slideshow requires JavaScript.


Sukhyi Yar mass grave

In the woods, in the centre of Sukhyi Yar, there is a stone obelisk approximately three meters high, surrounded by pillars and an iron chain. The obelisk bears three plates with commemorative inscriptions.
“Here Lie The Ashes Of 25,000 Jews From Uman, Killed In Autumn 1941. Let Their Souls Be Bound With Our Lives Forever. ETERNAL MEMORY.”

Members of Uman Jewish community on January 27, 2015 in Sukhiy Yar

Members of Uman Jewish community on January 27, 2015 in Sukhiy Yar

Adress : Zaliznyaka str., at the outskirts of city (see map below)

Tovsta Dubina mass grave

In February 1942 376 Uman Jews were killed in “Tovsta Dubina” area in the south of the city. A memorial was erected there on May 9, 2007. This information was published there.

Monument to Holocaust victims in Tovsta Dubina

Monument to Holocaust victims in Tovsta Dubina

Old Jewish Cemeteries

Over 90% of gravestones in the old part were destroyed during WWII.

There are few renowned graves:
Rabbi Avraham Chazan (? – 1917) was a leading Breslov Hasid at the start of the XX century. He was the son of Rabbi Nachman of Tulchin one of the main students of and public successor of Rebbe Nathan of Bratslav. After moving to Yerushalayim in 1894, Rabbi Avraham would travel annually to Uman. In 1914 he was forced to remain in Russia due to the outbreak of World War I. He lived there until his passing in 1917 and burial in Uman New Jewish cemetery.

Reb Shimshon Barsky was a descendant of Rabbi Nachman of Breslov and the author of Eitzos HaMevuoros. He was one of the leading Breslov Chasidim in Uman before the Communists took over the country. He passed away on Rosh Chodesh Sivan, 1935.

Rabbi Eliyakum Getsil (Elyakum Getsil, a.k.a. Rabbi Getsi) – son of Rabbi Avraham Chazan, died in 1918, is buried next to Rabbi Avraham Chazan.

During the pogrom of May 12-14 alone, up to 400 Jews were killed. The exact number of victims cannot be determined. The victims of pogrom are buried there too.
The memorial bears the following inscription: “This site is a mass grave of about 3000 Jews from the neighborhood, May God avenge their blood, Killed during the pogrom in the year 5680 (1920). Ohaley Tzadikiim, Jerusalem”.

New Jewish Cemeteries

The New cemetery is still in use and in good condition. The cemetery boasts a new fence and a new gate. It separated from Old cemetery by a fence.

Cemtery records:




  1. – rare video of Hasidim pilligrimage to Uman in last years of Soviet Union. In that time Rabbi’s Nahman grave was near a window of Jewish home at destroyed Jewish cemetery…

  2. – detail story of Rabbi Nahman grave

  3. Что вы имеете в виду, написать туже мою просьбу на
    Я вас правильно поняла?

  4. I understand. Thank again.


  1. Fargo Season 3, Episode 8 Recap: “Who Rules the Land of Denial?” – VIPortal Celebrities - […] You can leave your guesses about that in the comments; I’m dying to hear them. He tells her of…
  2. Joden massaal naar Oekraïne – Ichthusplein - […] artikel is gebaseerd op ‘the history of Jewish communities in Ukraine‘ and ‘Uman’ uit the Jewish virtual […]

Leave a Reply

%d bloggers like this: